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ASM Handbook

Cast Iron Science and Technology

Edited by
Doru M. Stefanescu
Doru M. Stefanescu
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ASM International
Volume
1A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-179-5
Publication date:
2017
Book Chapter

The Liquid State and Principles of Solidification of Cast Iron

By
Doru M. Stefanescu
Doru M. Stefanescu
The Ohio State University and The University of Alabama
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Roxana Ruxanda
Roxana Ruxanda
Emerson Climate Technologies
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Published:
2017
Page range:
46 - 58
Publication history
August 28, 2017

Abstract

Solidification processing is one of the oldest manufacturing processes, because it is the principal component of metal casting processing. This article discusses the fundamentals of solidification of cast iron. Undercooling is a basic condition required for solidification. The article describes various undercooling methods, including kinetic undercooling, thermal undercooling, constitutional undercooling, and pressure undercooling. For solidification to occur, nuclei must form in the liquid. The article discusses the various types of nucleation: homogeneous nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, and dynamic nucleation. It reviews the classification of eutectics based on their growth mechanism: cooperative growth and divorced growth. The article concludes with a discussion on the solidification structures of peritectics.

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Doru M. Stefanescu, Roxana Ruxanda, 2017. "The Liquid State and Principles of Solidification of Cast Iron", Cast Iron Science and Technology, Doru M. Stefanescu

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