Engine Lubricants Overview and Development Trends
This article addresses the impact of emerging technologies on future lubricant and tribology requirements. The connection between lubricant and tribological requirements is shown by briefly describing basic lubrication and friction processes in major engine components incorporating emerging technologies. The article introduces automotive lubricant development activities and the foundation of future automotive engine-lubricant trends. It discusses how emerging powertrain technology impacts future automotive lubricant and technology requirements, focusing on the effects of engine oils and additives on engine performance to meet powertrain performance requirements. A detailed overview of automotive engine oil performance evaluation methods and specifications, and their impact on the types of advanced lubricants being developed as well as future automotive engine testing requirements, is provided.