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ASM Desk Editions

Engineered Materials Handbook Desk Edition

Edited by
Michelle M. Gauthier
Michelle M. Gauthier
Raytheon Company
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-200-6
Publication date:
1995
Book Chapter

Testing and Characterization of Ceramics

Published:
1995
Page range:
865 - 904

Abstract

This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques. Chemical analysis is carried out by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and plasma-emission spectrophotometry. Phase analysis is done by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic methods, thermal analysis, and quantitative analysis. Techniques used for microstructural analysis include reflected light microscopy using polarized light, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive analysis of X-rays, and wavelength dispersive analysis of X-rays. Macroscopic property characterization involves measurement of porosity, density, and surface area. The article describes testing methods such as room and high-temperature strength test methods, proof testing, fracture toughness measurement, and hardness and wear testing. It also explains methods for determining thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and emissivity of ceramics and glass and measurement of these properties as a function of temperature.

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1995. "Testing and Characterization of Ceramics", Engineered Materials Handbook Desk Edition, Michelle M. Gauthier

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