Mechanical Testing and Evaluation
Introduction to the Mechanical Behavior of Metals
Mechanical properties are described as the relationship between forces (or stresses) acting on a material and the resistance of the material to deformation (i.e., strains) and fracture. This article briefly introduces the typical relationships between metallurgical features and the mechanical behavior of metals. It explains the deformation and fracture mechanisms of these metals. Typical properties measured during mechanical testing related to these deformation mechanisms and the microstructures of metals are discussed. The article reviews the various factors that affect the deformation response of the metal: strain rate, temperature, nature of loading, stress-corrosion cracking, and presence of notches.