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ASM Handbook

Mechanical Testing and Evaluation

Edited by
Howard Kuhn
Howard Kuhn
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Dana Medlin
Dana Medlin
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ASM International
Volume
8
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-176-4
Publication date:
2000
Book Chapter

Introduction to the Mechanical Behavior of Nonmetallic Materials

By
M.L. Weaver
M.L. Weaver
The University of Alabama
,
Tuscaloosa
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M.E. Stevenson
M.E. Stevenson
The University of Alabama
,
Tuscaloosa
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Published:
2000
Page range:
13 - 25

Abstract

This article reviews the fundamental relationships between microstructure and mechanical properties for major classes of nonmetallic engineering materials: metals, ceramics and glasses, intermetallic compounds, polymers, and composites. It details the structures of inorganic crystalline solids, inorganic noncrystalline solids, and polymers. The article describes the various strengthening mechanisms of crystalline solids, namely, work hardening, solid-solution hardening, particle/precipitation hardening, and grain size hardening. Deformation and strengthening of composite materials, polymers, and glasses are reviewed. The article concludes with information on the two important aspects of the mechanical behavior of any class of engineering material: fatigue response and fracture resistance.

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M.L. Weaver, M.E. Stevenson, 2000. "Introduction to the Mechanical Behavior of Nonmetallic Materials", Mechanical Testing and Evaluation, Howard Kuhn, Dana Medlin

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