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ASM Handbook

Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection

Edited by
Stephen D. Cramer
Stephen D. Cramer
Search for other works by this author on:
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
Volume
13A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-182-5
Publication date:
2003
Book Chapter

Corrosion by Molten Nitrates, Nitrites, and Fluorides

Published:
2003
Page range:
124 - 128
Publication history
December 01, 2003

Abstract

Molten salts, or fused salts, can cause corrosion by the solution of constituents of the container material, selective attack, pitting, electrochemical reactions, mass transport due to thermal gradients, and reaction of constituents and impurities of the molten salt with the container material. This article describes a test method performed using thermal convection loop for corrosion studies of molten salts. It discusses the purification of salts that are used in the Oak Ridge molten salt reactor experiment. The article also reviews the corrosion characteristics of nitrates/nitrites and fluoride salts with the aid of illustrations and equations.

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2003. "Corrosion by Molten Nitrates, Nitrites, and Fluorides", Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr.

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