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ASM Handbook

Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection

Edited by
Stephen D. Cramer
Stephen D. Cramer
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Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
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ASM International
Volume
13A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-182-5
Publication date:
2003
Book Chapter

Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production

By
Richard L. Martin
Richard L. Martin
Revising author
BJ Unichem Chemical Services
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Published:
2003
Page range:
878 - 886
Publication history
December 01, 2003

Abstract

The inhibitors currently in use are generally complex mixtures of reaction products and have been formulated to meet the demands of a very competitive industry. This article discusses these demands on inhibitor formulation. The varying characteristics and number of organic inhibitors are explained by the varying characteristics of oil wells and gas wells. Water injection systems and pipelines are also discussed. The article describes the factors that influence the corrosivity of produced fluids and the various treatments applicable for oil, gas, and pumping wells. It examines the primary causes of corrosion inhibition in waterfloods: oxygen contamination and acid gases dissolved in the brine. A discussion on the bacteria-induced corrosion is provided. The article also explains various tests available for field corrosion monitoring. It details the methods used to monitor corrosion rates and inhibitor effectiveness. The article concludes information on the computerization of inhibitor treating programs.

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Richard L. Martin, 2003. "Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production", Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr.

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