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ASM Handbook

Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection

Edited by
Stephen D. Cramer
Stephen D. Cramer
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Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
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ASM International
Volume
13A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-182-5
Publication date:
2003
Book Chapter

Aqueous Corrosion

By
David C. Silverman
David C. Silverman
Revising author
Argentum Solutions, Inc.
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Published:
2003
Page range:
190 - 195
Publication history
December 01, 2003

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the degradation of metals and alloys in aqueous systems. The importance of the hydrogen ion lies in its ability to interact with an alloy surface. The article describes the effects of various conditions of pH on corrosion including strongly acid conditions, near-neutral conditions, and strongly basic conditions as well as the effects of temperature on corrosion. The influence of the fluid flow rate on corrosion depends on the alloy, fluid components, fluid physical properties, geometry in which the fluid is contained, and corrosion mechanism. The article discusses the influence of fluid flow rate through specific examples. It concludes with information on how the concentration of dissolved species works with other variables to influence corrosion behavior.

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David C. Silverman, 2003. "Aqueous Corrosion", Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr.

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