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ASM Handbook

Metallography and Microstructures

Edited by
George F. Vander Voort
George F. Vander Voort
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ASM International
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Book Chapter

Light Microscopy

George F. Vander Voort
George F. Vander Voort
Buehler Ltd.
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Page range:
332 - 354
Publication history
November 01, 2004


This article provides information on the basic components of a light microscope, including the illumination system, collector lens, and optical and mechanical components. It describes optical performance in terms of image aberrations, resolution, and depth of field. The article discusses the examination of specimen surfaces using polarized light, phase contrast, oblique illumination, dark-field illumination, bright-field illumination, interference-contrast illumination, and phase contrast illumination. Special techniques and devices that may be used with the optical microscope, to obtain additional information, are also described. The article concludes with information on photomicroscopy and macrophotography.

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George F. Vander Voort, 2004. "Light Microscopy", Metallography and Microstructures, George F. Vander Voort

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