This article begins with a description of indirect and direct semisolid metalworking processes. It then provides information on alloy compositions of common aluminum semisolid metalworking alloys and primary die-cast magnesium alloys in a tabular form. The article describes the macroscopic examination of defects, which occur in semisolid metalworking with illustrations. It discusses the macroscopic examination of gating systems and semisolid feedstocks. The article also provides information on feedstock microstructures, direct semisolid metalworking component microstructures, and indirect semisolid metalworking component microstructures of series 300 aluminum casting alloys and magnesium die-casting alloys.