Skip to Main Content
ASM Handbook

Metallography and Microstructures

Edited by
George F. Vander Voort
George F. Vander Voort
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
Volume
9
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-177-1
Publication date:
2004
Book Chapter

Fundamentals of Solidification

By
Doru M. Stefanescu
Doru M. Stefanescu
The University of Alabama
Search for other works by this author on:
Roxana Ruxanda
Roxana Ruxanda
The University of Alabama
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
2004
Page range:
71 - 92
Publication history
November 01, 2004

Abstract

This article provides information on four different length scales at which surface morphology can be viewed: macro, meso, micro and nanoscale. Elementary thermodynamics demonstrates that a liquid cannot solidify unless some undercooling below the equilibrium (melting) temperature occurs. The article details five types of solidification undercooling, namely, kinetic, thermal, constitutional (solutal), curvature, and pressure undercooling. It explains the types of nucleation which occur in the melt during solidification. The effects of local instabilities at the solid/liquid interface during growth are illustrated. The article also describes the solidification structures of pure metals, solid solutions, eutectics, peritectics, and monotectics.

You do not currently have access to this content.
Don't already have an account? Register

Doru M. Stefanescu, Roxana Ruxanda, 2004. "Fundamentals of Solidification", Metallography and Microstructures, George F. Vander Voort

Download citation file:


×
Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal