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ASM Handbook

Metallography and Microstructures

Edited by
George F. Vander Voort
George F. Vander Voort
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ASM International
Volume
9
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-177-1
Publication date:
2004
Book Chapter

Three-Dimensional Microscopy

By
M.V. Kral
M.V. Kral
University of Canterbury
,
Christchurch
,
New Zealand
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Gene Ice
Gene Ice
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
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M.K. Miller
M.K. Miller
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
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M.D. Uchic
M.D. Uchic
Wright-Patterson Air Force Research Laboratory
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R.O. Rosenberg
R.O. Rosenberg
Naval Research Laboratory
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Published:
2004
Page range:
448 - 467
Publication history
November 01, 2004

Abstract

Three-dimensional microscopy can be used to reveal the shape, distribution, and connectivity of three-dimensional (3D) features that lie buried within an opaque material. This article discusses several experimental techniques that can be used to generate 3D images. These include serial sectioning, focused ion beam tomography, atom probe tomography, and X-ray microtomography. Nine case studies are presented that represent the work of the various research groups currently working on 3D microscopy using serial sectioning and illustrate the variants of the basic experimental techniques. The article also discusses the techniques for reconstruction and visualization of 3D microstructures with advanced computer software and hardware.

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M.V. Kral, Gene Ice, M.K. Miller, M.D. Uchic, R.O. Rosenberg, 2004. "Three-Dimensional Microscopy", Metallography and Microstructures, George F. Vander Voort

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