Shearing is a method for cutting a material piece into smaller pieces using a shear knife to force the material past an opposition shear knife in a progression form. This article describes the principles, attributes, and defects of straight-knife shearing. The equipment, materials used, and the operating parameters are discussed. The article provides information on the applications of rotary shearing. It concludes with a discussion on devices equipped with shearing machines for protecting personnel from the hazards of shear knives, flywheels, gears, and other moving parts.