Boring is a machining process in which internal diameters are generated in true relation to the centerline of the spindle by means of single-point cutting tools. This article provides a discussion on boring machines and boring tools and presents a comprehensive discussion on the various elements of boring. The elements are composition and hardness of workpiece metal, cutting fluid, speeds and feeds, and methods for piloting and supporting tools in boring applications. The article explains the role of workpiece size in selecting the equipment and processing procedure and the use of techniques to overcome difficulties presented by workpiece configuration. It describes the factors related to accuracy of boring and factors affecting them. The article also presents a discussion on close-tolerance boring and methods of controlling vibration and chatter. It concludes with a section presenting information on the use of boring equipment for machining operations other than boring.