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ASM Handbook

Failure Analysis and Prevention

Edited by
William T. Becker
William T. Becker
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Roch J. Shipley
Roch J. Shipley
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ASM International
Volume
11
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-180-1
Publication date:
2002
Book Chapter

Manufacturing Aspects of Failure and Prevention

Published:
2002

Abstract

This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. The article discusses the types of imperfections that can be traced to the original ingot product. These include chemical segregation; ingot pipe, porosity, and centerline shrinkage; high hydrogen content; nonmetallic inclusions; unmelted electrodes and shelf; and cracks, laminations, seams, pits, blisters, and scabs. The article provides a discussion on the imperfections found in steel forgings. The problems encountered in sheet metal forming are also discussed. The article concludes with information on the causes of failure in cold formed parts.

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2002. "Manufacturing Aspects of Failure and Prevention", Failure Analysis and Prevention, William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley

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