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ASM Handbook

Failure Analysis and Prevention

Edited by
William T. Becker
William T. Becker
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Roch J. Shipley
Roch J. Shipley
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ASM International
Volume
11
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-180-1
Publication date:
2002
Book Chapter

Analysis Methods for Probabilistic Life Assessment

By
Harry R. Millwater, Jr.
Harry R. Millwater, Jr.
The University of Texas at San Antonio
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Paul H. Wirsching
Paul H. Wirsching
The University of Arizona
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Published:
2002
Page range:
250 - 268
Publication history
November 01, 2002

Abstract

This article describes the historical background, uncertainties in structural parameters, classifications, and application areas of probabilistic analysis. It provides a discussion on the basic definition of random variables, some common distribution functions used in engineering, selection of a probability distribution, the failure model definition, and a definition of the probability of failure. The article also explains the solution techniques for special cases and general solution techniques, such as first-second-order reliability methods, the advanced mean value method, the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis is an essential element. Examples of the use of probabilistic analysis are presented. The article concludes with an overview of some of the commercially available software programs for performing probabilistic analysis.

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Harry R. Millwater, Jr., Paul H. Wirsching, 2002. "Analysis Methods for Probabilistic Life Assessment", Failure Analysis and Prevention, William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley

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