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ASM Handbook

Failure Analysis and Prevention

Edited by
William T. Becker
William T. Becker
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Roch J. Shipley
Roch J. Shipley
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ASM International
Volume
11
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-180-1
Publication date:
2002
Book Chapter

Engineering Aspects of Failure and Prevention

Published:
2002

Abstract

This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis and root cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It reviews four fundamental categories of physical root causes, namely, design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input and information, people interviews, laboratory investigations, stress analysis, and fracture mechanics analysis. The article concludes with information on the categories of failure and failure prevention.

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2002. "Engineering Aspects of Failure and Prevention", Failure Analysis and Prevention, William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley

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