Welding Fundamentals and Processes
Introduction to Resistance Welding
Resistance welding (RW) encompasses many variations on the basic theme of local Joule heating while an external pressure is applied. This article provides an overview of the most generally applied RW processes, followed by a discussion on the general design aspects of various resistance-welded joints. The various resistance-welded joints include spot welds, projection welds, seam welds, and butt welds. The article explains the relative contributions of the Joule, Peltier, and Thomson effects for typical RW scenarios. It concludes with information on the electrode “follow” behavior.