This article provides a fundamentals-based description of solid-state resistance projection welding. It details simple analytical tools to understand the variety of mechanisms that occur during resistance projection welding. Factors relating to the quality of solid projection are discussed, in addition to an explanation of the mechanisms of bonding for solid projection welding. The article reviews how these mechanisms are affected by heat balance, current profile, and mechanical characteristics of the welding equipment. It also presents the design of projection welding mechanical systems.