Plastic deformation of one or both metals is required to obtain bonding in cold welding. This article presents a theoretical model, to explain the bond strength, based on metallographic studies and continuum mechanical analysis of the local plastic deformation in the weld interface. It describes the bonding mechanisms, with illustrations. The article discusses the alternative methods of surface preparation and quality control of the weld interface of a cold weld. It concludes with a description of a variety of metal-forming processes suitable for production of cold welds, namely, rolling, indentation, butt welding, extrusion, and shear welding.