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ASM Handbook

Casting

Edited by
Srinath Viswanathan
Srinath Viswanathan
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Diran Apelian
Diran Apelian
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Raymond J. Donahue
Raymond J. Donahue
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Babu DasGupta
Babu DasGupta
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Michael Gywn
Michael Gywn
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John L. Jorstad
John L. Jorstad
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Raymond W. Monroe
Raymond W. Monroe
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Mahi Sahoo
Mahi Sahoo
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Thomas E. Prucha
Thomas E. Prucha
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Daniel Twarog
Daniel Twarog
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ASM International
Volume
15
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-187-0
Publication date:
2008
Book Chapter

Steel Melt Processing

Published:
2008
Page range:
206 - 229
Publication history
December 08, 2008

Abstract

This article discusses the most common methods of melting steels, namely, electric arc and induction melting. It describes the classification of refractories by an index of the “basicity” of the slag formed on the steel surface. The steel melt refinements are classified as treatments by either converter metallurgy or ladle metallurgy. The article provides a detailed discussion on the converter and ladle metallurgy. The converter metallurgy includes melt refinement in argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) vessels and vacuum oxygen decarburization (VODC) in a converter vessel. The ladle metallurgy includes vacuum induction degassing, vacuum oxygen decarburization, and vacuum ladle degassing.

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2008. "Steel Melt Processing", Casting, Srinath Viswanathan, Diran Apelian, Raymond J. Donahue, Babu DasGupta, Michael Gywn, John L. Jorstad, Raymond W. Monroe, Mahi Sahoo, Thomas E. Prucha, Daniel Twarog

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