Corrosion: Environments and Industries
Corrosion in Fossil and Alternative Fuel Industries
The primary fossil fuels are generally defined as coal, oil, natural gas, tar sands, and shale oil. This article discusses the characteristics and the types of fuels used in fossil and fuel industries. It describes the energy conversion in fuels and outlines the efficiency of a heat engine with the help of the Carnot equation.
This article focuses on high-temperature corrosion in synthetic gas (syngas) coolers. Extensive laboratory corrosion studies on both model and commercial alloys are summarized. The article describes the material selection criteria for long-term performance of materials in service. It provides information on the fuels with chlorine contents used in gasification plants.