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ASM Handbook

Corrosion: Environments and Industries

Edited by
Stephen D. Cramer
Stephen D. Cramer
Search for other works by this author on:
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
Volume
13C
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-184-9
Publication date:
2006
Book Chapter

Corrosion in the Nuclear Power Industry

Published:
2006

Abstract

This article reviews a series of serious corrosion problems that have plagued the light water reactor (LWR) industry. It discusses the complex corrosion mechanisms involved, and the development of practical engineering solutions for their mitigation. The article contains tables that present the corrosion history of LWRs, and the ten most expensive operation and maintenance costs of corrosion for a particular reactor site.

Abstract

This article focuses on environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) of structural materials in the boiling water reactor (BWR), reactor pressure vessel, core internals, and ancillary piping. It discusses the effects of water chemistry on materials degradation, mitigation approaches, and their impact on aging management programs. The article reviews the effects of materials, environment, and stress factors on the cracking susceptibility of ferritic and austenitic structural alloys in BWRs. It describes the methods, such as data-based life-prediction approaches and mechanisms-informed life-prediction approaches for predicting the cracking kinetics in BWRs. The article presents several EAC mitigation techniques for BWR components, namely material solutions, stress solutions, and environmental solutions.

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2006. "Corrosion in the Nuclear Power Industry", Corrosion: Environments and Industries, Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr.

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