This article presents a general survey of corrosive agents and processes that exist within what are usually considered the protective environments of museums and historic collections. It reviews the corrosion influencing factors, such as humidity, temperature, and light. The article provides a list of pollutants and their sources in museums and collections. It discusses the sources of corrosion, including plastic and wood, sulfur, and carbonyl compounds. The article describes the preservation steps for materials in museum to eliminate the corrosive sources acting on the objects and to avoid other potentially damaging materials.