Corrosion in the Pharmaceutical and Medical Technology Industries
This article discusses the corrosion characteristics of superaustenitic stainless and duplex stainless steels, which are used in pharmaceutical industry. It describes passivation treatments and the electropolishing of stainless steels. The article informs that electropolishing is not a passivation treatment, although the proper execution of the process will result in a passive surface. The article concludes with a discussion on roughing, which is a phenomenon of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry.
This article discusses the materials of construction found in pharmaceutical production facilities. The materials discussed are different stainless steels, nickel and nickel-base alloys, titanium, zirconium, impervious graphite, fluoropolymers, and glass-lined steel. The article describes the three primary causes of failure in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals: embedded iron, failures of glass linings, and corrosion under thermal insulation.