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ASM Handbook

Corrosion: Materials

Edited by
Stephen D. Cramer
Stephen D. Cramer
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;
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
Bernard S. Covino, Jr.
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ASM International
Volume
13B
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-183-2
Publication date:
2005
Book Chapter

Corrosion of Wrought Stainless Steels

By
John F. Grubb
John F. Grubb
Revising author
ATI-Allegheny Ludlum
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;
Terry DeBold
Terry DeBold
Revising author
Carpenter Technology Corporation
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;
James D. Fritz
James D. Fritz
Revising author
TMR Stainless
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Published:
2005
Page range:
54 - 77
Publication history
April 17, 2006

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the identification systems for various grades of wrought stainless steels, namely, the American Iron and Steel Institute numbering system, the Unified Numbering System, and proprietary designations. It elaborates on five major families of stainless steels, as defined by the crystallographic structure. These include ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, martensitic stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels. The mechanism of corrosion protection for stainless steels is reviewed. The article examines the effects of composition, processing, design, fabrication, and external treatments on the corrosion of stainless steels. Various forms of corrosion, namely, general, galvanic, pitting, crevice, intergranular, stress-corrosion cracking, erosion-corrosion, and oxidation, are reviewed. Corrosion testing for; corrosion in atmosphere, water, and chemical environments; and the applications of stainless steels in various industries are also discussed.

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John F. Grubb, Terry DeBold, James D. Fritz, 2005. "Corrosion of Wrought Stainless Steels", Corrosion: Materials, Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S. Covino, Jr.

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