The gas quenching process is usually performed at elevated pressures, and is therefore, mostly referred to as high-pressure gas quenching (HPGQ). This article describes the physical principles of HPGQ; the two main types of equipment used, namely, single-chamber furnaces and cold chambers; and the three gases used, namely, nitrogen, helium, and argon. It also discusses two different groups of fixture materials used, namely, high-nickel-content alloys and carbon-fiber-reinforced carbon materials. The article exemplifies the process of dynamic gas quenching and how core hardness values can be predicted in industrial practices. It also discusses the improvements in distortion control with the application of gas-flow reversing and dynamic gas quenching.