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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-165-8
Publication date:
2013
Book Chapter

Electron Beam Surface Hardening

By
Rolf Zenker
Rolf Zenker
Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg Institute of Materials Engineering
,
Freiberg
,
Germany
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Anja Buchwalder
Anja Buchwalder
Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg Institute of Materials Engineering
,
Freiberg
,
Germany
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Published:
2013
Page range:
462 - 475

Abstract

Electron beam hardening (EBH), with some special characteristics in comparison to other heat treatment technologies, allows beam deflection frequencies of up to 100 kHz. This article illustrates the principles of different thermal electron beam technologies, including beam-deflection, continuous EB interaction, EB flash, as well as multifield EB-deflection and multiprocess techniques. It characterizes the technical and technological possibilities for EBH in comparison to other surface-layer hardening processes. The article also discusses the technical design of electron beam facilities and the applications of EBH.

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Rolf Zenker, Anja Buchwalder, 2013. "Electron Beam Surface Hardening", Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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