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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-165-8
Publication date:
2013
Book Chapter

Introduction to Carburizing and Carbonitriding

By
Allen J. Fuller, Jr.
Allen J. Fuller, Jr.
Amsted Rail Company, Inc.
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Published:
2013
Page range:
505 - 521
Publication history
July 17, 2013

Abstract

Carburization is the process of intentionally increasing the carbon content of a steel surface so that a hardened case can be produced by martensitic transformation during quenching. Like carburizing, carbonitriding involves heating above the upper critical temperature to austenitize the steel. This article introduces the fundamentals, types, advantages and limitations, and the complications of various forms of carburizing, namely, pack carburizing, liquid carburizing or salt bath carburizing, gas carburizing, and low-pressure (vacuum) carburizing. The related process of carbonitriding is also briefly described in the article.

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Allen J. Fuller, Jr., 2013. "Introduction to Carburizing and Carbonitriding", Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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