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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-165-8
Publication date:
2013
Book Chapter

Cleaning of Steel for Heat Treatment

By
Mohammed Maniruzzaman
Mohammed Maniruzzaman
Caterpillar Inc.
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Xiaolan Wang
Xiaolan Wang
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Richard D. Sisson, Jr.
Richard D. Sisson, Jr.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Published:
2013
Page range:
265 - 274
Publication history
July 08, 2013

Abstract

This article provides an overview of surface contaminants that may affect the heat treatment processes and end-product quality. It presents information on the chemicals used to clean different surface contaminants of steels. The article discusses three types of cleaning methods, namely, mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical and their effectiveness and applicability. The mechanical cleaning methods include grinding, brushing, steam or flame jet cleaning, abrasive blasting, and tumbling. Solvent cleaning, emulsion cleaning, alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, pickling, and descaling are chemical cleaning methods. The electrochemical cleaning methods include electropolishing, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic pickling. The article provides information on cleanliness measurement methods such as qualitative tests and quantitative tests to ensure product quality. Health hazards that may be associated with each cleaning method and the general control measures to be used for each hazard are tabulated.

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Mohammed Maniruzzaman, Xiaolan Wang, Richard D. Sisson, Jr., 2013. "Cleaning of Steel for Heat Treatment", Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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