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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-165-8
Publication date:
2013
Book Chapter

Normalizing of Steel[1]

Published:
2013
Page range:
280 - 288
Publication history
July 23, 2013

Abstract

Normalizing of steel is a heat treating process that is often considered from both thermal processing and microstructural standpoints. In terms of thermal processing, normalizing is defined as heating of a ferrous alloy to a suitable temperature above the transformation range and then cooling it in air to a temperature substantially below the transformation range. This article provides information on the normalizing of carbon and alloy steels, and discusses the processes involved and the furnaces used in normalizing of steel forgings, bar and tubular products, and castings. It contains tables that list the typical normalizing temperatures for standard carbon and alloy steels and typical mechanical properties of selected carbon and alloy steels in hot-rolled, normalized, and annealed conditions.

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2013. "Normalizing of Steel", Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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