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ASM Handbook

Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys

By
ASM Handbook Committee
ASM Handbook Committee
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ASM International
Volume
1
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-161-0
Publication date:
1990
Book Chapter

Wrought Stainless Steels

By
S.D. Washko
S.D. Washko
Revising author
Allegheny Ludlum Steel, Division of Allegheny Ludlum Corporation
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G. Aggen
G. Aggen
Revising author
Allegheny Ludlum Steel, Division of Allegheny Ludlum Corporation
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Published:
1990
Page range:
841 - 907

Abstract

This article discusses the composition, characteristics, and properties of the five groups of wrought stainless steels: martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels. The selection of stainless steels may be based on corrosion resistance, fabrication characteristics, availability, mechanical properties in specific temperature ranges and product cost. The fabrication characteristics of stainless steels include formability, forgeability, machinability, and weldability. The product forms of wrought stainless steels are plate, sheet, strip, foil, bar, wire, semifinished products, pipes, tubes, and tubing. The article describes tensile properties, elevated-temperature properties, subzero-temperature properties, physical properties, corrosion properties, and fatigue strength of stainless steels. It characterizes the experience of a few industrial sectors according to the corrosion problems most frequently encountered and suggests appropriate grade selections. Corrosion testing, surface finishing, mill finishes, and interim surface protection of stainless steels are also discussed.

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S.D. Washko, G. Aggen, 1990. "Wrought Stainless Steels", Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook Committee

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