Corrosion of marine- and land-based infrastructure is of major concern and its control forms an important objective. Thermal spray coatings (TSCs) are widely used for corrosion protection. This article focuses on two types of TSCs: cathodic or noble coatings and anodic or sacrificial coatings. It describes the factors affecting the performance of sacrificial TSCs in atmospheric and immersion environments. The article provides information on the applications of sacrificial TSCs, non-sacrificial coatings, and sealants/top coats, and exemplifies the use of sacrificial TSCs on structures for corrosion protection.