Induction Heating and Heat Treatment
Process Control, Monitoring, Design and Quality Assurance
The basic elements of control design are safety, process control, process verification, machine control, productivity, repeatability, and ease of setup. Effective systems of quality control/quality assurance are essential for heat treating practices. This article provides information on process control modes, as well as on process signatures of some items that require control, monitoring, verifying, and logging methods. It provides information on programmable logic controllers that have become efficient in machine control and monitoring. The article describes possible noise issues, National Electric Code clearance requirements, monitoring requirements, and machine accuracy that need to be considered when designing induction equipment.
This article provides an overview of the basic theory of infrared (IR), including emissivity and E slope. It explains how the IR thermometer works, and provides guidance on choosing a thermometer, in particular, deciding between a two-color and a single-wavelength thermometer and installing and maintaining them. The article discusses typical applications of induction heating, and describes how the IR thermometer controls the temperature. While the majority of the article discusses spot thermometers, thermal imagers, which are fast and are used for both research and control of the induction process, are also addressed.