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ASM Handbook

Heat Treating of Nonferrous Alloys

Edited by
George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
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Book Chapter

Annealing of Refractory Metals

John L. Johnson
John L. Johnson
Elmet Technologies LLC
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Page range:
664 - 666
Publication history
November 11, 2016


This article briefly discusses the annealing practices for refractory metals such as tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, tantalum, and rhenium and their alloys. It also presents the applications and properties of these metals and their alloys.

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John L. Johnson, 2016. "Annealing of Refractory Metals", Heat Treating of Nonferrous Alloys, George E. Totten

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