Conventional manufacturing from wrought bar stock typically involves extensive machining, creates significant material waste (scrap metal), and requires numerous steps to obtain the final part geometry. As a more efficient alternative, powder metallurgical (PM) processes are now available to cost effectively fabricate both simple and complex shapes with minimal material waste. Combustion driven higher pressure powder compaction (CDC) for near-net or net shape manufacturing was recently developed. It offers a unique way of forming near-net or net shape high-density powder metal components both cost effectively and at relatively higher compaction pressures than other PM processes.

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