Construction of boilers that can take advantage of the higher efficiencies offered by thermodynamic cycles operating in the ultrasupercritical range will require materials having elevated temperature properties considerably superior to those of the alloys used in more conventional boilers. While many of the materials currently under consideration for ultrasupercritical boiler applications have seen use in other applications, few have been fully investigated using the product forms and section sizes required by high-temperature, high- pressure steam generators. Before any material can be considered truly applicable for use in these advanced plants, the requirements and effects of boiler industry fabrication processes must be explored in addition to determining the properties of the basic alloys. This need was recognized in a materials evaluation program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and the Ohio Coal Development Office and a portion of this program has been devoted to studying the weldability of candidate ultrasupercritical boiler alloys. This paper describes the results of welding trials involving two of these alloys: Super 304H stainless steel and Controlled Chemistry Alloy 617, a variant of Inconel 617 that has been dubbed “CCA 617.” The CCA 617 was represented in both thick plate and tubular product forms, but the stainless steel was only available as tubing. Issues that might be encountered in fabricating advanced boiler headers and piping were addressed while welding the CCA 617 plate with shielded metal arc and submerged arc processes. Similarly, experience working with tubular product forms of both alloys was gained while making butt joints with an orbital gas tungsten arc process. The paper describes the problems presented, the procedures developed, and the basic characteristics of the welds produced.

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