New martensitic steels (9-10 CrMoNi(W)VNbN) are being developed for ultrasupercritical power plants to achieve higher efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Improved life assessment methods are crucial for the safe and economical long-term operation of these high-temperature components. This includes gathering creep, creep-fatigue, and crack data to establish design curves, as well as advanced modeling to predict deformation and lifetime. Complex experiments under various loading conditions and multiaxial behavior are necessary for verification. Furthermore, understanding how creep processes affect pre-existing defects is essential for ensuring long-term component integrity.

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