Three Ni-base wrought alloys with different hardening mechanisms (INCONEL 706, Waspaloy and INCONEL 617) were investigated as candidates for steam turbine rotor applications at temperatures up to 700 °C in respect to their microstructure and microstructural stability. The Nb containing alloy Inconel 706 had a complex microstructure with γ', γ" and η phases which are stable in long term service up to 620 °C. At higher temperatures significant particle coarsening and phase transformation were observed. Waspaloy is hardened by γ' particles and after ageing at 700 °C and higher, it tended to a stable microstructure. Inconel 617 is a solid solution hardened material additionally hardened by homogeneously distributed fine M23C6 carbides. After long term ageing at temperatures of 650 °C to 750 °C the carbides tended to form carbide films along the grain boundaries and at 700 °C to 750 °C γ' precipitated as homogeneously distributed particles with low coarsening during long term service. In order to optimize the candidate alloys Inconel 706 and Waspaloy were modified to the new alloys DT 706 and DT 750. The aspects of modification and first experimental results are reported.

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