A study is being conducted on turbine materials for use in ultra-supercritical (USC) steam power plants, with the objective of ensuring no material-related impediments regarding maximum temperature capabilities and the ability to manufacture turbine components. A review of the state-of-the-art and material needs for bolting and casing applications in USC steam turbines was performed to define and prioritize requirements for the next-generation USC turbines. For bolting, several potentially viable nickel-base superalloys were identified for service at 760°C, with the major issues being final material selection and characterization. Factors limiting inner casing material capabilities include casting size/shape, ability to inspect for discontinuities, stress rupture strength, and weldability for fabrication and repairs. Given the need for precipitation-strengthened nickel-base alloys for the inner casing at 760°C, the material needs are two-fold: selection/fabrication-related and characterization. The paper provides background on turbine components and reviews the findings for bolting and casing materials.

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