Within the pursuit of improved economic electricity production with reduced environmental pollution, the European research activities COST 501/522 aimed to develop advanced 9-12%Cr steels for highly stressed turbine components by increasing thermal efficiency through higher steam temperatures up to 600/625°C. One such modified Cr steel, a tungsten-alloyed 10%Cr steel, has been in industrial production for several years in steam and gas turbine applications. This paper firstly discusses experiences in manufacturing, non-destructive testing, and mechanical properties achieved in forgings of this COST grade E steel. Secondly, it reports on the manufacturing of a trial melt of a later 9%Cr steel containing cobalt and boron from COST development, describing its long-term creep behavior, microstructural features responsible for superior creep resistance, and test results including short-term properties, detectable flaw size, and initial creep results for a full-size trial rotor forging.

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