The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) have recently initiated a project aimed at identifying, evaluating, and qualifying the materials needed for the construction of the critical components of coal-fired boilers capable of operating at much higher efficiencies than current generation of supercritical plants. This increased efficiency is expected to be achieved principally through the use of ultrasupercritical steam conditions (USC). The project goal initially was to assess/develop materials technology that will enable achieving turbine throttle steam conditions of 760°C (1400°F)/35 MPa (5000 psi), although this goal for the main steam temperature had to be revised down to 732°C(1350°F), based on a preliminary assessment of material capabilities. The project is intended to build further upon the alloy development and evaluation programs that have been carried out in Europe and Japan. Those programs have identified ferritic steels capable of meeting the strength requirements of USC plants up to approximately 620°C (1150°F) and nickel-based alloys suitable up to 700°C (1300°F). In this project, the maximum temperature capabilities of these and other available high- temperature alloys are being assessed to provide a basis for materials selection and application under a range of conditions prevailing in the boiler. This paper provides a status report on the progress to date achieved in this project.

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