Since the 1990s, the power plant market has shifted towards more flexible and efficient Steam Power Plants (SPPs) with fewer service inspections and lifetimes of ≥200,000 hours, including combined-cycle applications. This shift has driven efforts to enhance both design and materials. One approach is the installation of super-critical SPPs with live steam temperatures of T ≥580°C and optimized steam cycles. Siemens Power Generation is leveraging its experience with Ultra Super Critical SPPs from the 1950s, which operated at up to 650°C/320bar, to develop modern turbo-set solutions using new technology from the past decade. Proven design features, such as material combinations (welded or bolted rotors and casings) and advanced cooling techniques, are being adapted for current use. Past limitations with austenitic materials have been reassessed, leading to the conclusion that improved materials are necessary for today's USC SPPs. Global material development programs, such as COST in Europe, are focusing on new 10%Cr martensitic steels, which offer cost-effectiveness and operational flexibility. Additionally, joint R&D projects are underway to evaluate the long-term creep properties and service behavior of new 10%CrMoV steels for 600/620°C applications. These projects aim to ensure the materials can withstand relevant loading conditions and multiaxial stresses.

This content is only available as a PDF.