Tempered martensitic 9-12%Cr steels bearing tungsten, such as P92 and P122 showing higher creep rupture strength than the conventional steel P91, have been developed for thick section components in ultra-supercritical (USC) boilers. However, their creep strength is not sufficient for applying at the steam condition of 650°C/35MPa or above, which is a recent target condition in order to increase plant efficiency. The research and development project in NIMS on advanced high-Cr steels which can be applied at the steam condition of 650°C/35MPa as boiler components with large diameter and thick section has been carried out since 1997. In this project, it has been revealed that the addition of boron more than 0.01 mass% to the 0.08C-9Cr- 3W-3Co-V,Nb-<0.00ЗN steel remarkably improves creep strength. The boron enriched in M23C6 carbides near prior-austenite grain boundaries suppresses coarsening of these carbides during creep deformation, leading to excellent microstructural stability and creep strength. Further improvement of creep strength is achieved by the addition of appropriate amount of nitrogen which enhances precipitation of fine MX. Excess addition of nitrogen to the high-B containing steel reduces creep rupture lives and ductility. The highest creep strength is obtained in the 0.08C-9Cr-3W-3Co-0.2V-0.05Nb-0.0139B-0.0079N (mass%) steel, resulting in excellent creep strength in comparison with that of P92 and P122. This steel shows good creep ductility even in the long term. It is, therefore, concluded that this high-B bearing 9Cr-3W-3Co-V,Nb steel with the addition of nitrogen in the order of 0.008 mass% is the promising candidate which shows superior creep strength without impairing creep ductility for thick section components in the 650°C-USC plant.

This content is only available as a PDF.