The effect of Cr content on the creep strength at 650°C was examined with high Cr heat resistant steels for the USC high-temperature rotor shafts. The amount of Cr was varied from 8.5% to 11.5%, and then, the alloying effect of Cr was investigated on the stability of the precipitates at 650°C. Within the present range of the Cr content, the short-term creep rupture life under the higher applied stress increased with the Cr content in the steels, whereas the long-term creep rupture life under the lower applied stress decreased with the Cr content in the steels. For example, under the applied stress of 98MPa, the 9%Cr steel exhibited the longest creep rupture life among the experimental steels. Also, it was found from the experiment using the extracted residues that the degree of solution strengthening and the sorts of precipitates scarcely changed regardless of the Cr content in the steels. The Laves phase precipitated finely in the lath was enlarged in the 11.5%Cr steel even after a short-term creep. This result indicates that the coarsening of precipitates such as the Laves phase promotes the recovery of the lath in the early stage of creep deformation. It was suggested that 9%Cr is desirable content in the ferritic steel for suppressing the degradation of creep strength in 98MPa at 650°C.

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