TenarisDalmine, in collaboration with CSM, developed and characterized ASTM Grade 91 steel tubes and pipes for high-temperature boilers in ultrasupercritical power plants. This paper details the mechanical properties of both untreated and long-term exposed tubes. Extensive creep testing allowed extrapolation of stress values for rupture in 100,000 hours (93 MPa at 600°C) and 1% elongation in 250,000 hours (83 MPa at 600°C), satisfying ECCC and TÜV requirements. Additionally, STEM analysis investigated microstructure and precipitate evolution after long-term exposure, revealing changes in precipitate chemistry, size, and distribution.

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