CARPENTER No. 481 is a fine-grained, oil-hardening electric-furnace tool steel for applications involving shock. It combines exceptional toughness to withstand the stresses in service, and good hardness to resist wear and abrasion. This datasheet provides information on composition, physical properties, hardness, elasticity, and tensile properties. It also includes information on forming, heat treating, and machining. Filing Code: TS-312. Producer or source: Carpenter.